Smart Intelligent Textiles
Courtesy of biggani.org
Smart Intelligent Textiles
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|Saturday, 04 September 2010|
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Today, textile touches our lives so many ways. Scientists are seeking advanced engineered materials and sophisticated solutions for challenging applications. A new generation of Interdisciplinary innovations outreaches the engineered textile structures for superior functional features. This article sheds on light on the recent research interests and the challenges and opportunities with these emerging intelligent smart textiles in perspective.
Highly flexible textile structures are used extensively today to produce stronger, lighter, safer and smarter products to replace heavy metal with superior performance and extended service life. The classical research focus remains integrating emerging technologies to textile structures to design advanced materials with critical performance requirements predominantly for intelligent interactions and functional features. For more in-depth details explore the links and featured insights below.
Areas of Interests (see links):
•IDTechEx find that in 2010 the total market for energy harvesting devices, including everything from wristwatches to wireless sensors, is $605 million, rising to $4.4 billion in 2020.
•The retail sales of window coverings in the US were $6.9 billion/year in 2008 and increasing at 3%/year from 2008-2013 (Fredonia Focus, 2009).
•The development of new products is essential to staying competitive in this market, requiring innovation and differentiation. Advancements in the industry are driven by new materials with specific performance properties (Fredonia Focus, 2009).
•New products that control sun’s heat and glare are expected to dominate innovation. In the US, some of these window shades are energy efficient enough to be eligible for energy efficiency tax credits of $1500 as part of the US Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.
•Integrated textiles and electronics is an industry already estimated to be worth more than $1 billion annually, Professor Xia-ming Tao, of Hong Kong Polytechnic University, said in her keynote address at the 100th Centenary Textile Institute Conference held in Manchester on November 3rd 2010.
•“Saint-Gobain Glass and SAGE will build the world’s first large-scale electrochromic glass plant in Faribault, Minnesota (United States). The project, started in November 2010, will cost about US$135M. It will act as the spearhead for electrochromic technology worldwide. The new plant will have an annual production capacity of more than 370, 000 square meters (4 million square feet) of electrochromic glass with sizes ranging up to 1.5 x 3.5 meters (5 x 10 feet), much larger than currently available in the market. The plant is scheduled to begin production starting in mid-2012. Leveraging the resultant economies of scale, this innovative glass will be sold at an affordable price.”
•Germany’s Science Council has recently approved the University of Freiburg’s proposal for the Freiburg Centre for Interactive Materials and Bioinspired Technologies (FIT). The €23-million project is scheduled to be ready in 2013 and will focus on basic research into interactive materials and intelligent systems.
•Agion Technologies has received US Patent 7,754,625 which specifically protects its odour control solution as a breakthrough in treating white and light-coloured materials, ensuring long-term colour stability and wash durability.
•According to reports of various market research companies, the global market for technical textiles is expected to grow to the tune of US$ 127 billion by the year 2010. While the US and EU continues to be the main manufacturers and consumers of functional textiles, China has emerged as a large manufacturer of the same.
•According to the definition of CEN/TC 248 Committee working on standardization, “Smart or intelligent textiles are functional textiles, which interact with their environment by responding to it. This response can be either a (visible) change in the materials properties or result in communicating the environmental trigger to an external read out.”
•Solar PVs now constitute an annual $20 billion business globally. They presently generate 20 GW of power annually (>95% grid-connected), with increases averaging 40% p.a. since 2000.1 Solar PV cell R&D now represents a global $400 million per year direct public investment.1 Only a tiny fraction of this research (ca. $3 million annually1) is carried out in Canada. –Int’l Energy Agency Report# IEA-PVPS T1-19:2010It is estimated that by 2016 there will be around 300 million wireless sensor-based gadgets for wearing on the body in the fields of healthcare and sports management as well as other activities in the fields of media, automotive, security and the home.
•Nike has established a running community portal on Nikeplus.com, where users can monitor their sports performance. By 2014 Nike aims to have 10 million people around the world hooked up to its Nikeplus.com running community portal via sensors in their clothing, footwear, wristwatches and other accessories.
•According to Wikipedia:The global market for nanotechnologies is projected to grow at a CAGR of around 20% till 2013, says " Nanotechnology Market Forecast to 2013 : ." The report also projects that market for nanotechnology incorporated in manufactured goods will worth US$ 1.6 Trillion, representing a CAGR of more than 49% in the forecast period (2009-2013). This growth will largely be driven by massive investment in nanotechnology R&D by both governments and corporates across the world.
“A technical textile is a textile product manufactured for non-aesthetic purposes, where function is the primary criterion. It is a large and growing sector and supports a vast array of other industries. Overall, global growth rates of technical textiles are about 4% per year greater than the growth of home and apparel textiles, which are growing at a rate of 1% per year.”
No doubt, the ripples of interdisciplinary innovations and super complex products will transform our future in a unique way. However, the impact of some of these emerging technologies is still unknown. Can we recycle these emerging complex wastes and sustain our environment?
What do you think?
More to come...
Acknowledgements: TexTek Solutions :: MW Canada Material Innovations.
2011 Airship Technology> Materials> S Islam et al., Cambridge University Press, UK - In Press
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2010 Super Strong NanoCrystalline Cellulose Synthesis: Challenges and Opportunities, S Islam, Nanotechnology, biggani.org, Jul 04
2010 Sizing Nanoparticles - Determining the Particle Size of Nanomaterials by Micromeritics, AZoNano.com, Jul 02
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2010 ParametersAffecting the Chiral Nematic Phase of NanoCrystalline Cellulose Films,J Pan, W Hamad, S K Straus, Macromolecules, 43, 3851-3858
2009 Canada Strikes Nanotech Gold, R Lombardi, Canadian Business Online, Oct 13
2009 New Wood-Fibre Product Holds Promise for Forestry Industry, Edmonton Journal, Jun 25
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2007 Boiactive Silk Proteins as Geotextile Substrates, M Tsukada, S Islam, Y Ishiguro, Textiles & Clothing, Jan-Mar 5-6
2006 CarbonNanotubes: Next Generation of Electronic Materials, J Seetharamappa, SYellapa, F D'Souza, Electrochemical Society Interface, Summer
2006 Cellulose NanoCrystals Make Plastic 3,000 Times Stronger, Nanowerk News, Oct 19
2006 Methods and apparatus for spinning spider silk protein, S Islam et al., USP 7,057,023 Jun 6
2006 Emerging Textile and Clothing Technology, S Islam, ITET J., 31 Mar 1-5
2005High-toughness Spider Silk Fibers Spun from Soluble rc-Silk Produced inMammalian Cells, C Karatzas, S Islam et al., Biotechnology ofBiopolymers: From Synthesis to Patents, 2 Volumes, Germany 945-966
2005 Nanotech Changes Everything, R Spence, Canadian Business Online, Jul 25
2005 Value-added Textile Technology, S Islam, Textile Excellence J., Anniversary Issue, Jul. 3(1) 55-56
2005 [PDF] TOYOBO CO., LTD.: www.toyobo.co.jp/e/seihin/kc/pbo/Technical_Information_2005.pdf
2004 Enhancing Sorption Properties of Natural Fibrous Protein Substrates. Part I: Absorption of malodorous gases, M Tsukada, H Katoh, S Islam, N Kasai, Text. J., 121(6) 48-50
2004 Antibiotic Silk Substrates for Healthcare, M Tsukada, G Shen, S Islam, Text. J. 121(5) 47-49
Updated: 2012 02 23
Courtesy of biggani.org
Smart Intelligent Textiles